Copenhagen Accord: (ENGLISH)


Introduction

Copenhagen Accord is a set agreement made either by a small country (referring to developing countries) and large (refer to developed countries) in order to limit carbon dioxide emissions and replace the Kyoto Protocol (1997).

Copenhagen Accord is promises made by small states or big states to limit carbon dioxide emissions generated by them. This means they must make major commitments to reducing greenhouse gases which are subject to an international consulting and analysis. The deal was brokered by the five countries, China, Brazil, South Africa, India, and led by the United States and previously has been summarized into the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali (2009) which produces COP 15. COP 15 is at the important subject to be presented in negotiations by collecting approximately 115 countries around the world.

However, the agreement in Copenhagen Accord did not end with unanimous support, amid anger from some developing countries who say the Copenhagen Accord have specific targets to reduce carbon emissions. The result is far from an agreement legally binding which many people expect. The agreement set out in the Copenhagen Accord includes recognition of limiting temperature increase to less than 2C, and promised increased funding of $ 30bn (£ 18.5bn) to developing countries for three years to combat problems that are believed to contribute to climate change so far, such as illegal logging to promote forest preservation, industrial development with environment-friendly technologies and others. This describes the purpose of providing $ 100 billion per year in 2020 to help poor countries cope with climate change impacts.

What Conpenhagen Accord implies:

• “110 world leaders present and one issue on the agenda”; show there never was a meeting like this before. Countries that broker Copenhagen Accord, United States, China, India, South Africa, Brazil and the European Union, also represents a world in which the Balance of Power has changed significantly in the last 20 years.
• At the primary level, the conference showed a debate between the countries in terms of awareness to provide support and take action to address climate change issues. Explicitly, it symbolizes the awareness that climate change is currently central to the political thought of each country.
• Public awareness has also increased greatly. Seen from a wide variety of campaigns conducted around the world in the run-up to Copenhagen by non-governmental agencies, NGOs and the media business. So that shows that climate change issues have been understood and widely discussed by the whole society.
• Another change is very important is the concept of environmentally friendly is now a new economic model that now applies to every country. Business ideas without the concept of “environmentally friendly” is a bad idea. In Copenhagen, the developing countries and the world economies have agreed to announce a low carbon emission concept is a plan to progressively forward.
For the Copenhagen Accord is a failure (a tough combination):

• a combination of political will, public pressure and economic aid deemed not enough to make a lot of countries want to follow what is stipulated in the Copenhagen Accord.
• Negotiations are going on in the deal might have been the lowest bargaining position given by most countries due to not mention the Copenhagen Accord in a transparent manner required amount of emissions reduced.

• there is no verification of actions performed by developing countries, unless they are paid by developed countries.

• Although this agreement target limits global warming to 2C by-state temperature limit of pre-industrial countries as a quantitative need for action by countries and developed countries -but it remains unclear how the targets are achieved.

REFERENCE:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/COPENHAGEN/8426036.stm%5Bdiakses pada 19 Desember 2009]
http://news.bbc.co.uk/copenhagen/8424522.stm [diakses pada 19 Desember 2009]
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/mobile/science/nature/8426835.stm [diakses pada 19 Desember 2009]
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/mobile/science/nature/8426835.stm [diakses pada 19 Desember 2009]
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/mobile/science/nature/8422133.stm [Pada 19 Desember 2009]

English version by Renny Candradewi

Tell your thinking about the issue of environmental change?
Americans as the largest contributor to emissions by 17% only agreed to reduce emissions with a bid of as much as 4% only. How do you see this American Policy?

About JurnalPhobia

Graduate of International Relations of Airlangga University currently master candidate in Gadjah Mada University

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